Justice of the Supreme Court of Israel, was born in Jerusalem. She completed her law degree at the Hebrew University and continued her studies at Bar Ilan University. In 1969, she became a member of the Israel Bar Association and then worked in private legal practice. From 1971 to 1984, she served as an attorney in the Office of the District Attorney of the Central District. In addition, she served as the representative of the Minister of Justice on the District Planning and Building Committee and was a member of the Psychiatric Committee, and the committee of inquiry concerning Sabra and Shatila. In 1984, she was appointed District Attorney of the Central District, and, in 1988, she was appointed Judge of the Tel Aviv District Court. From 1996, she served as the State Attorney of Israel. She also lectured at the Academic Center in Kiryat Ono and represented the State of Israel at a number of international conferences including, the United Nations Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court, Rome (1998); Global Forum on Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity Among Justice and Security Officials, Washington, D.C. (1999); International Association of Prosecutors
Conference, Beijing (1999); Global Forum of Prosecutors, Hague (2001); and the Inauguration of International Criminal Law Network, Hague (2002). In 2004, she was appointed Justice of the Supreme Court of Israel. Justice Arbel has served on the Committee on Undercover Agents and the committee investigating the events following the terrorist attack on bus number 300, among others, and has lectured at the Law Faculty of Tel Aviv University.